Knowing the present phase of the adaptive cycle of the various scales above and below the focal scale can reveal potential vulnerabilities or opportunities for the focal system. Allowing smaller forest fires to burn naturally helps to maintain a forest mosaic with stands of different ages, thus preventing larger potentially catastrophic fire events.
The reindeer husbandry and forestry industries in the boreal forests of Sweden both individually have complex histories and dynamics. These two sectors also interact and influence each other compounding the complexity. Understanding the internal dynamics of each sector and the interactions between them is key to assessing the sustainability and resilience of the system as a whole.